Gastric bypass surgery, also known as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, is a weight loss procedure that involves creating a small pouch at the top of the stomach and rerouting a portion of the small intestine to connect to the pouch. This reduces the amount of food the patient can eat and alters the way the body absorbs nutrients, resulting in significant weight loss.
During the surgery, the stomach is divided into a small upper pouch and a larger lower pouch. The small intestine is then divided and rerouted to connect to the upper pouch, bypassing the larger lower pouch. The procedure can be done using open surgery or laparoscopic techniques, which involve making several small incisions in the abdomen and using a camera and specialized instruments to perform the surgery.
Gastric bypass surgery is typically recommended for people with a BMI of 40 or higher or a BMI of 35 or higher with related health problems such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or sleep apnea. The procedure can help to achieve significant and sustained weight loss, as well as improvements in related health problems.
As with any surgical procedure, gastric bypass surgery carries risks and potential complications, including bleeding, infection, and blood clots. Long-term complications can also occur, such as malnutrition, dumping syndrome (a condition in which food moves too quickly through the digestive system), and gallstones. It’s important for patients to discuss the risks and benefits of gastric bypass surgery with a qualified healthcare provider and to carefully follow all post-operative instructions to minimize the risk of complications.
The part at the beginning of the stomach is separated from the rest, leaving about 30-50 cc. A part of the small intestines is also bypassed and connected to the newly formed small stomach. In this way, patients reach the feeling of fullness quickly with much smaller portions. At the same time, the absorption of a significant part of the high-calorie foods taken is prevented.
Effective and permanent weight loss is achieved with Laparoscopic Gastric By-Pass (R-YGB) surgery. Similar to volume-restricting surgeries, patients reach a feeling of fullness quickly with much smaller portions due to the reduced new stomach pouches.