Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty or suction-assisted lipectomy, is a cosmetic surgical procedure that aims to remove excess fat from specific areas of the body, such as the abdomen, thighs, hips, and arms. The procedure involves using a cannula (a thin tube) to suction out the fat cells through small incisions in the skin.
Liposuction can be performed using several techniques, including traditional liposuction, power-assisted liposuction, laser-assisted liposuction, and ultrasound-assisted liposuction. The choice of technique depends on the patient’s individual needs and the extent of the fat deposits. The procedure is typically performed under local or general anesthesia, and may take several hours to complete.
During the surgery, the surgeon makes small incisions in the skin and inserts the cannula through the incisions to break up and remove the fat cells. The cannula is attached to a vacuum or syringe, which is used to suction out the fat cells. The incisions are then closed with sutures or steri-strips.
After the surgery, patients can expect some swelling, bruising, and discomfort for several days to weeks. Patients are usually advised to wear compression garments to help reduce swelling and promote healing. The results of liposuction are generally long-lasting, but patients are advised to maintain a healthy diet and exercise routine to prevent the return of fat deposits.
Like any surgery, liposuction carries some risks, including bleeding, infection, uneven contours, and skin irregularities. It is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of the procedure with a qualified plastic surgeon before deciding to undergo the surgery. A skilled and experienced surgeon can help patients achieve their desired results while minimizing the risk of complications.