Gastric sleeve surgery, also known as sleeve gastrectomy, is a weight loss procedure that involves removing a large portion of the stomach to create a smaller, sleeve-shaped stomach. This reduces the amount of food the patient can eat and alters the hormones that control hunger, resulting in significant weight loss.
During the surgery, the surgeon removes approximately 75-85% of the stomach using laparoscopic techniques, which involve making several small incisions in the abdomen and using a camera and specialized instruments to perform the surgery. The remaining portion of the stomach is then stapled closed to create the smaller, sleeve-shaped stomach.
Gastric sleeve surgery is typically recommended for people with a BMI of 40 or higher or a BMI of 35 or higher with related health problems such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or sleep apnea. The procedure can help to achieve significant and sustained weight loss, as well as improvements in related health problems.
As with any surgical procedure, gastric sleeve surgery carries risks and potential complications, including bleeding, infection, and blood clots. Long-term complications can also occur, such as acid reflux, hernias, and vitamin deficiencies. It’s important for patients to discuss the risks and benefits of gastric sleeve surgery with a qualified healthcare provider and to carefully follow all post-operative instructions to minimize the risk of complications.
What is Tube Stomach Surgery?
One of the most applied surgical procedures today is sleeve gastrectomy and is commonly known as “stomach reduction surgery”.
In sleeve gastrectomy surgery, the stomach is turned into a long, thin tube like a banana. 80 percent of the stomach is cut and removed laparoscopically, that is, with the closed surgery method. Thus, the food intake of the stomach is restricted. In addition, sleeve gastrectomy surgery has the effect of reducing food absorption, although at a very low level.
The appetite of those who have gastric sleeve surgery decreases. In addition, insulin resistance is broken without even weight loss.
What is the duration of stomach reduction surgery?
Gastric sleeve surgery is performed in 1.5 hours on average. Since the exit and entrance section of the stomach is preserved and the continuity in the digestive system is maintained, the risks after sleeve gastrectomy are low and some unwanted side effects are reported very little.
Which Stomach Reduction Surgery Is Performed Most Often?
Gastric sleeve surgery is the most commonly performed gastric sleeve surgery with proven effectiveness and low risk. The medical name of sleeve gastrectomy, which has a 15-year history, is sleeve gastrectomy.
The other type of stomach reduction surgery performed today is ‘gastric bypass’ surgery. However, gastric bypass is preferred only in special cases; In cases where type 2 diabetes is at the forefront and insulin use is old, and especially in people with very high BMI, gastric bypass method can be the first choice of surgery.
In addition, gastric bypass method can be applied as the second operation method in patients who have had sleeve gastrectomy surgery and gain weight again.